By Jordi D. The data volume of a 4K video is at least 4 times more than that of a p HD video. It brings great pressure to the storage system and the post-production. This post will analyze the calculation characteristics of each procedure of 4K footage and film post-production, thus to provide optimal and advanced schemes for your 4K video editingspecial effects synthesis and color modulation. Tips: The features of hardware configuration: high frequency, multi-core architecture, greatly enhanced operations of decoding, encoding, data compression, special effects synthesis, video rendering, etc.
With the advent of 4K resolution era, computers are urged to brace for mass storage, multi-layer concurrent reading and writing, multi-layer real-time computing for video preview, and ultra-high-speed computing for video rendering. Hardware pieces from conventional graphics workstation are almost incompetent to achieve this without the aid of other means. One of the main solutions currently is to drastically reduce the computing scale in each procedure by compression or through software. But a greater solution to smooth and stable 4K post processing has been realized by some professional post-production software vendors through constantly rolling out high-end algorithms and latest hardware architecture.
VideoProc developed by Digiarty Software Inc. It is capable of making full use of user's hardware acceleration of a Windows or Mac computer to provide a smooth 4K video processingtranscoding and outputting. As can be concluded from the table above, a 4K video takes up a large amount of memory. A high-speed IO interface is required to minimize the time needed for importing the video and exporting to the post-production workstation.
According to the data in the above table, if there is no compression, the bandwidth pressure of the storage system is huge. For video decoding, multi-layer editing, real-time preview, video rendering output, compression, each link is intensive calculation and processing, involving CPU computing, hard disk read and write and architecture, the architecture of ordinary workstations can not be satisfied. The above table is only high-definition, core test data.
If it is 4Kthe theoretical corresponding number of cores meets the application requirements, and the number of cores should be increased to more than 48 cores or a sufficient number of cores for a new generation of Intel CPU processors AMD processors are hardly considered.
In order to solve the parallel computing of multi-layer video code stream, the high compression coding mode is usually adopted, which greatly reduces the video io bandwidth and the calculation amount of decoding and coding. The traditional mode is the multi-core computing architecture of the CPUand also has the GPU super-computing capability mainly in Rendering calculations to help improve computing power such as decoding, encoding, and rendering.
Multi-channel video synchronization input, involving hard disk io bandwidth, video decoding calculation, ensuring smooth video clips in clip interactive mode without losing frames, no card.How complex are your projects: single shot, single camera, multi-camera, animation, VFX?
What are your output formats? How long do you have to deliver your edits? Finally, are you editing online or offline? Offline editing refers to editing a proxy of the original source footage; online editing is cutting the original material. Where offline editing takes more time and storage space, it allows you ease in editing your footage. It can help a less powerful system run more smoothly. Digital footage formats vary from camera to camera. Recording format makes a huge difference in meeting what your editing system requires.
Editing raw 4K footage takes more horsepower and storage than compressed formats. Additionally, multi-camera edits, VFX, and tight deadlines typically require a much more powerful system. Always check the compatibility of your editing software with your video card to ensure that GPU rendering and multiple GPUs are supported. The GeForce cards listed above are a baseline. Your storage needs depend on how much source footage you expect to be working with.
Generally, your media storage should be three to four times the size of the source footage of a project. You want to ensure that any hard drive you use spins at rpm or faster for a smooth data throughput.
SSDs are a good replacement for boot drives and project drives, but not for raid array drives unless you need greater speed. In the long run, the cost per GB of hard drives is a more affordable solution. A good motherboard will have at least three to four PCIe x16 ports that can all be used at full speed for video cards, RAID cards and monitoring cards. Many on-board audio chipsets pick up noise from the motherboard, noise that can sometimes be heard when you move the mouse. Instead, you can use an external sound card.
Combine that with a rpm USB 3. You could probably find a desktop solution for even less. There are many companies offering custom Macs and PCs for editing.
Most editing software packages do not support all the codecs and file types used by 4K cameras. Keep in mind that often the hardware specs listed are a minimum to have the software function, unless you have a lot of patience and time to spare your going to want a bit more in system power. REDCODE R3D is supported natively by all the major editing software packages and has the major advantage in post of letting you choose a playback resolution.
This can save a lot of time and storage space. Lightworks and EDIUS Pro 7 offer little in native codec support beyond R3D, although the fact that they due essentially automatically edit offline by transcoding most footage on import does insure a more stable editing environment.
Editing software updates are frequent and native support for camera files are usually a priority. Before you buy, check websites for updates to see what formats are supported.
This is something to keep in mind when considering system options. Dell announced three 4K monitors that reproduce percent of the sRGB color space making them a good option for color grading. While your standard UPS only turns on when the power goes out, more advanced models include power filtering and under- and over-voltage protection. Low voltage can damage electronics just as easily as over voltage and is a common and costly problem.
Remember that minimum specs get minimum performance. Go above the minimums for optimal performance. Building your own editing system can be a little scary at first, but a DIY rig can save you thousands of dollars. If you need help, there are many tutorials and guides to computer construction online.Credit Rules Jump to the last page. Login Register. Uploading and Loding Picture I thought upgrading the video card would be enough for the 4k edits but it is not.
My pc really stall and stutters on the images. My question is what are the bare miniumun recommended to edit these big 4k files and what are you useing to edit your images?
Also I live 1 miles away from March ARB just east and behind the tower, I call them before each flight and they have been very polite and helpful. Twitter Facebook Favorite Like 1. Use props. BuzzCut Offline. Second Officer. I've found after much frustration that it really depends on what video editing package you use. Some are coded to mainly rely on the main system memory and some are coded to make better use of video cards, so the experience differs wildly.
I have a new gaming laptop that I bought specifically for video editing and it still ran like a dogs it's 4K, even with proxies And that's another point Some packages allow you to use a 4K file but edit lime you're editing a file, and you can still switch back and forth in terms of the resolution e. On pause for color grading.
How to build your own 4K video editing PC
I found that this feature was extremely effective on Adobe Premiere Pro. It ran smooth as butter for me. The many and various proxy settings on Resolve did nothing for me but waste my time, while others with more powerful setups appear to have had some success with that. Others with more experience may be able to suggest other options. Turkk71 Offline. I have fought this very thing over the years on different projects with different files.
I recall fighting footage not too long ago and it always felt like a hardware play. I would get the biggest machine my meager pocketbook could swing and go for it. All that being said what I have come to now "believe" is like BuzzCut alluded to the software is huge and the way it is optimized is even bigger. One thing I would do in your case is ensure that your software is using the resources you have in your machine, occasionally the software will be limited by default to only use a small amount of the power you have at hand.
That again strengthens my argument that the software can make a huge difference in the way it utilizes the hardware at hand. When I was using PCs for video I enjoyed using Vegas, it seemed to handle resources better for me at least.
Griffith Offline. First Officer. I don't have much experience with 4K video processing, but in a former life I did a lot of computer simulation and image processing. What I can offer from the mile-high view is this: Rendering 4k is a graphic card function. Just make sure it has the memory on board to do it properly High-end graphic cards for gaming have a ton of GPU processing available for functions like shading and rotation, but offers little help to the image process we're talking about although some can do simple filtering and color correction - but that's at the rendering level and will not be saved.
While the quad-core i7 is the default norm for general computing, it's not the fastest nor the most adapt for parallel processing. Better solutions are available but are far more costly than you're probably interested in.
That leaves the software as you best chance for success - and I'm not up on all the current offerings. I agree with many of the above posts, that your best option is software that allows you to edit 4K with proxy.This has been difficult to narrow down on the intarwebs. Other than having an actual 4k monitor. I'm guessing quad core something something From that page Quote: After our experience with Trinity and Ivy Bridge builds for HTPC purposes, we had reached the conclusion that a discrete GPU was necessary only if advanced rendering algorithms using madVR's resource intensive scaling algorithms or 4K support was necessary.
Smells like somewhat older hardware works too, however you'd probably want a modern discrete GPU that your playback software supports to do some hardware offload, usually you can go pretty low-end on those since the GPU decode blocks are all in dedicated or semi-dedicated hardware I can give you some data points as I tested multiple configurations to find out myself.
My requirements were 4Kp The tests were done using a 4k capable monitor connected via displayport the monitor however was not mine. I tested this a few months ago, I believe. Tests, in order of memory: ik using integrated GPU : 4k 60, no issues. I believe that this chip is using the same integrated GPU as the k, so it may have simply been an issue of the performance capabilities of the chip.
Of course, source video encoding is the most important aspect of these tests, so I tested with three sources: Youtube 4k video scene VP8 codec, I think? Windows 8. Can't beat that. In fact when they announced the codec it was kind of a big deal in the 4K TV realm because there was only one or two models of 4K TVs that could actually decode H.
Nvidia GTX 4xx? AMD 5xxx? Would be pretty nice to know for people who won't be playing 4k content a lot, but can still occasionally playback a clip or two without melting their rigs.
I can play 8Kp60 H. Did you mean lowest-end from the current generation of GPUs, or were you asking how old can you back on GPU architectures? Those aren't quite same question-- and with older GPU architectures, the onboard video decode blocks are going to be older, which might be important depending on the CODEC used.
Although considering some hardware assist can be doing using general GPU hardware rather than specific hardware decoding blocks, I would wonder how far back you could go AMD I'm less clear on and considering the paragraph above is all inferred information based on specs and guesses, that's bad enough! For older GPUs my speculation is already far enough out on a limb, someone else can touch that.
I'd agree with what you said, any nVidia series GPU should be able to handle it. I've read that it can do p sufficiently, but 4k is a no-go for obvious reasons. If someone wanted to send me the card I'd be more than happy to test it. Quote: or were you asking how old can you back on GPU architectures? Good point, I meant this: how old can you go before the GPU integrated or dedicated chokes on the video.
Editing in 4K: Minimum System Requirements
If that's the case, I would assume - rather ignorantly, mind you - that the AMD equivalent would be the series? Assumption is based on them being in the same generation as each other, debuting around AVSForums lean towards no. Moderator et Subscriptor. After our experience with Trinity and Ivy Bridge builds for HTPC purposes, we had reached the conclusion that a discrete GPU was necessary only if advanced rendering algorithms using madVR's resource intensive scaling algorithms or 4K support was necessary.
Ars Legatus Legionis et Subscriptor. DSF wrote:. Posted: Fri Aug 15, am.You can always build a computer that will meet your 4K editing needs. This guide will tell you everything you need to know about how to configure the best computer for 4K editing, all by yourself. Editing 4K videos require higher specifications than the standard computers used by an average person.
Read along to know what exactly you need in a PC to do the job.
The CPU, that is, the processor of your computer is the first thing you would want to look at while building a PC for any purpose on this Earth! It this unit which will load the OS Operating Systemrun all the programs and make all the calculations. So, basically, how efficiently and quickly you can perform the editing mostly depends on the CPU.
Its speed is largely determined by the clock speed, which is measure in GigaHertz GhZ. However, having a good GPU will make a lot of difference. It relieves the CPU from performing graphic intensive tasks, and is specially designed to do that. Some software like DaVinci Resolve largely depend on the GPU or the graphics card for encoding and rendering, although a lot of other software will run quite smoothly if you have cheap graphics card or even if there isn't any.
It is not recommended to spend too much on GPU unless you know you are dealing with highly graphics intensive job. Generally speaking, RAM is the memory available to the programs- it is where they are loaded. For 4K editing, you will need some 16 GB of Ram to keep it nice and smooth. It is very critical that you get sufficient memory for you editing software. Be comfortable while investing in RAM as video editing software use a lot of it.
While HDDs use physical spinning discs to write and read data, there are memory chips in solid state drives that store data. The ideal media storage is three to four times the expected size of a project's source footage. The motherboard is the central piece of your system that connects every component of the PC. The most important thing while selecting the motherboard for any PC remains the compatibility check.
You CPU must absolutely must be compatible with the motherboard.Your system must meet the minimum specifications to run Premiere Pro see below. April System requirements for earlier releases:. This product may integrate with or allow access to certain Adobe or third-party hosted online services. Applications and services may not be available in all countries or languages and may be subject to change or discontinuation without notice.
Extra fees or membership charges may apply. Note: Requirements vary between VR systems. The requirements listed here are the base requirements only. For detailed requirements for the different types of head-sets, and for information on setting up an immersive environment for Premiere Pro, see Immersive video in Premiere Pro. Buy now. Premiere Pro system requirements Search.
Adobe Premiere Pro User Guide. Select an article: Select an article:. On this page System requirements for Premiere Pro VR system requirements Hardware acceleration system requirements Recommended graphics cards Language versions available for Premiere Pro. Applies to: Adobe Premiere Pro.
Applicable for:. System requirements for Premiere Pro. Additional high-speed drive for media Fast internal SSD for app installation and cache Additional high-speed drive s for media Monitor resolution x x or greater Network storage connection 1 Gigabit Ethernet HD only 10 Gigabit ethernet for 4K shared network workflow Internet Internet connection and registration are necessary for required software activation, validation of subscriptions, and access to online services.
VR system requirements. Hardware acceleration system requirements. Feature Operating system Hardware-accelerated H. Windows CUDA. Windows OpenCL. Mac Metal. Integrated Graphics Chipsets. Language versions available for Premiere Pro. Adobe Premiere Pro is available in the following languages:. Fast internal SSD for app installation and cache Additional high-speed drive s for media. Internet connection and registration are necessary for required software activation, validation of subscriptions, and access to online services.
Additional high-speed drive for media. Mac OS Smartphones like iPhone X add 4K 30fps mode in recent years. However, 4K editing is still hamstrung by large file size and highly-compressed formats. Professional video editors, usually power-hungry suites per se, require computer configurations for smooth operation.
So the question is: Is there any 4K video editor that is friendly to common computers?Best 4K Video Editing PC — MSI 4K Editing Desktop
What is the best 4K editing software? There are both free ones and paid ones among them. In the following content, we will show you the details about each 4K video editing application, like its features, what it is good at, its pros, its cons, and more, to help you make a choice much more easily and smartly. It accepts and exports videos in 4K resolution. You can output projects to any devices and platforms.
It provides top performance in editing 4k videos via the Level-3 Hardware Acceleration tech. This is unique on the market. Namely, it has a 47x real-time faster speed. That's 5x faster than most other tools. Versions after Users can import, freely edit videos in 4K p, p 60fps and share content in 4K quality. This free 4K video editing software has enough features for novices to make a decent video.
That includes subtitles, timeline, filters, background, color correction, stabilization, etc. However, iMovie is not good at dealing with large files.
And be careful when applying advanced editing. For example, the app may crash.
Audio and video may go out of sync when dropping all the audio to the timeline, or slowing down the clip. Output video can be large in size. No option to compress 4K output videos. Final Cut Pro X is the prosumer-level editor app from Apple.
FCPX has a similar interface to that of iMovie. But it has a far larger selection of effects, filters, transitions, etc. It has almost everything a professional editor may have. Adobe Premiere Pro is the hands-down first choice of many. This editor is a mainstay for Hollywood makers to create movies with stunning cinematic effects. Better use it on high-end computers and servers. If you're running on an earlier Mac, consider upgrading your hardware first. It comes with all features a professional editor needs to create movies, TV shows, music videos, etc.
More importantly, Vegas Pro takes advantage of hardware acceleration like Intel Quick Sync Video to edit and render faster.
DaVinci Resolve 15, "the fastest growing nonlinear video editor in the industry", is a free video editor. It has features on par with professional programs like 3D compositing, 3D text tools, keying, painting, Color package, etc.